Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/41728
Or use following links to share this resource in social networks: Recommend this item
Title Чернігівська фортеця в другій половині XVII ст.
Other Titles Chernihiv fortress in the second half of the 17th century
Черниговская крепость во второй половине ХVII В.
Authors Бондар, О.М.
Keywords
Type Article
Date of Issue 2014
URI http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/41728
Publisher Sumy State University
License
Citation Бондар, О.М. Чернігівська фортеця в другій половині XVII ст. [Текст] / О.М. Бондар // Сумський історико-архівний журнал. — 2014. — № XXII. — С. 42-47.
Abstract Стаття присвячена еволюції Чернігівської фортеці в другій половині ХVІІ ст. З 1648 р. Чернігів став полковим містом, а його фортеця неодноразово перебувала в епіцентрі військових дій. На середину ХVІІ ст. фортеця складалася з Верхнього замку і власне Фортеці. Ці фортифікації проходили по лінії укріплень міста Х-ХІІІ ст. Проте вже у 1670-х роках, у зв’язку із зростанням населення, був додатково укріплений і Форштадт. Для його укріплення частково використали залишки фортифікацій давньоруського часу - Окольного граду. Під Верхнім замком також виникли невеликі укріплення - Острог.
Статья посвящена эволюции Черниговской крепости во второй половине ХVІІ в. В 1648 г. Чернигов стал полковым городом, а его крепость неоднократно была в эпицентре военных действий. В середине ХVІІ в. крепость состояла из Верхнего замка и собственно Крепости. Эти укрепления проходили по линии укреплений города Х-ХІІІ ст. Однако уже в 1670-х годах, в связи с ростом населения, был дополнительно укреплен и Форштадт. Для его укрепления частично использовали остатки фортификаций древнерусского времени - Окольного града. Под Верхним замком также возникает небольшое укрепление - Острог.
This article is devoted to the development of Chernihiv fortress during the second half of the 17th century. Any town of medieval Europe and Russia had its own particular type of urban development. The fortress occupied the main place in that development. The most important sources for the study of Chernigov fortress of the 17th century are “Abrys Chernigova” 1706, maps of the 18th century towns, verbal descriptions and archaeological excavations. Chernihiv became the regimental city in 1648 and its fortress had repeatedly turned to the epicenter of battlefield. In the middle of the 17th century fortress consisted of Verkhniy Zamok and, in fact, Fortress. These fortifications were the ramparts of the 10th-13th century line. Forstadt had been further strengthened in the 1670s. This process had been associated with the increase of the city population. These fortifications were resuscitated remnants of the ancient fortifications of the Okolniy Grad. The slight strengthening - Ostrog - was housed under the Verkhniy Zamok. Russian troops garrisoned town were there. Thus, till the end in the 17th century fortifications of the city consisted of Verkhniy Zamok, Fortress, Forstadt and Ostrog. The fortifications of Verkhniy Zamok, Fortresses and Forstadt were made of wood and soil. Ostrog was fortified from the stockade. The fortified area of Chernigov was 48 hectares. So, Chernihiv fortress was one of the biggest on the Left Bank Ukraine in the 17th century. Firstly, it was due to the fact that in the late 17th century Chernihiv was a great economic and political center. Secondly, its importance as a military center of the Hetman State had increased during that period.
Appears in Collections: Сумський історико-архівний журнал

Views

Canada Canada
1
France France
3
Germany Germany
3
Italy Italy
2
Japan Japan
1
Moldova Moldova
2
Netherlands Netherlands
642
Ukraine Ukraine
3846
United Kingdom United Kingdom
2565
United States United States
7386
Unknown Country Unknown Country
13

Downloads

China China
2
France France
1
Germany Germany
2
Russia Russia
1
Ukraine Ukraine
269
United Kingdom United Kingdom
1
United States United States
7387
Unknown Country Unknown Country
3

Files

File Size Format Downloads
5-Bondar.pdf 690,8 kB Adobe PDF 7666

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.