Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/43273
Or use following links to share this resource in social networks: Recommend this item
Title Фахова дискримінація поляків в умовах судової реформи 1864 року на Правобережній Україн
Other Titles Expert discrimination in the poles judicial reform in 1864 on the Rignt-bank Ukraine
Профессиональная дискриминация поляков в условиях судебной реформы 1864 года на Правобережной Украине
Authors Максимов, О.В.
Keywords
Type Article
Date of Issue 2014
URI http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/43273
Publisher Сумський державний університет
License
Citation Максимов, О.В. Фахова дискримінація поляків в умовах судової реформи 1864 року на Правобережній Україні [Текст] / О.В. Максимов // Сумський історико-архівний журнал. - 2014. - № ХХІІІ. - С. 48-55.
Abstract На основі статистичних матеріалів, періодики та інших джерел розглянуто кадрову політику російської влади на Правобережній Україні у відношенні до регіональної еліти в умовах судової реформи 1864 р. Встановлено шляхи переміщення випускників- поляків юридичного факультету університету Св. Володимира до судових органів поза межами правобережних губерній, що ставало результатом цілеспрямованої політики російської влади з недопущення поляків до служби у пореформених судах Правобережжя. Висвітлено основні шляхи залучення чиновництва до судових органів краю з російських та лівобережних губерній.
На основе статистических материалов, периодики и других источников рассматривается кадровая политика российских властей на Правобережной Украине по отношению к региональной элите в условиях судебной реформы 1864 г. Установлено пути перемещения выпускников-поляков юридического факультета университета Св. Владимира в судебные органы за пределами правобережных губерний, что становилось результатом целенаправленной политики российских властей по недопущению поляков на службу в пореформенных судах Правобережья. Освещены основные пути привлечения чиновничества в судебные органы края с российских и левобережных губерний.
Big reforms of 60-70-s of the 19th century became maybe the last possibility of Russian Empire to change to a new stage of development. After the abolition of the serfage the judicial reform took a special place in the part of the most further changes of the political system. Professional support of its realization played not the last role in the context of the reform application, it concerned not only capitals, but also the distant parts of the empire. This point was especially sharp in Right-bank Ukraine. Owing to the absence of understanding among the regional elite (Poles), the south-western territory was on the verge of the “personnel shortage” one day before the judicial reform. Under these conditions, dilemma for the authorities was either to enlist the support of a rather unpredictable Polish nobility or to make “import” of officials from other provinces of the empire. The second option seemed to be more attractive, because thus the autocracy could rely on trained and loyal employees. The establishment of the University of St. Vladimir in Kyiv in 1834 did not bring the desired result, “russification” of the land still did not occur, the Polish influence among students and teachers were significant, especially at a law faculty. Replacement of the teaching staff in the 40-50’s of the 19th century on the immigrants from Russia contributed only to the reduction of the prestige of the Faculty of Law. Various prohibitions, that regulated the number of Polish students, led to the outflow of the latter in the educational establishments of Kharkiv and Odessa. Since opening in 1871 the magistrates courts, the active phase of implementation of the judicial reform began in the South West region, in 1880 it was extended, since this time the rest of the institutions (district courts, chambers) started working. Example of Zhytomyr district court clearly testified ignoring of the Poles in its personnel filling. Reasons were in secret orders of the Ministry of Justice, which stated that the Poles were forbidden to hold positions in the newly established judicial bodies of Southwest provinces. Under these conditions, the latter were forced either to move to other provinces or to practice advocacy. Situation has not changed significantly the next years. The number of Poles who graduated from the University of St. Vladimir increased, but their involvement to the judiciary of the region did not happen. Taking into consideration the above said we can state that the ethnic and religious criteria in a Right bank were dominant during the selection of officials, regional elite in such a way was under professional discrimination, which in its turn led to the “staff shortage” and “import” of officials from other provinces of Russian empire.
Appears in Collections: Сумський історико-архівний журнал

Views

Canada Canada
1
Estonia Estonia
1
France France
4
Germany Germany
5
Italy Italy
2
Netherlands Netherlands
437
Singapore Singapore
1
Taiwan Taiwan
1
Ukraine Ukraine
189
United Kingdom United Kingdom
1744
United States United States
221
Unknown Country Unknown Country
8

Downloads

China China
2
EU EU
1
Estonia Estonia
1
France France
2
Germany Germany
4
Ukraine Ukraine
160
United Kingdom United Kingdom
1
United States United States
2
Unknown Country Unknown Country
2

Files

File Size Format Downloads
Maksymov_dyskryminatsiia.pdf 361,02 kB Adobe PDF 175

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.