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Title Закон убывающей отдачи в аграрном производстве
Other Titles Law of Diminishing Returns in Agricultural Production
Authors Zaitsev, Oleksandr Vasylovych  
Keywords закон спадної віддачі (дохідності)
закон убывающей отдачи (доходности)
the law of diminishing returns (yields)
сільськогосподарські підприємства
сельскохозяйственные предприятия
agricultural enterprises
змінний ресурс
переменный ресурс
variable resource
праця
труд
labor
основні засоби
основные средства
fixed assets
постійний ресурс
постоянный ресурс
permanent resources
капітал
капитал
capital
технологія
технология
technology
Type Article
Date of Issue 2016
URI http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/51409
Publisher Причерноморский научно-исследовательский институт экономики и инноваций
License
Citation Зайцев, А. В. Закон убывающей отдачи в аграрном производстве / А. В. Зайцев // Причорноморські економічні студії. – 2016. – Вип. 12-1. – С. 9-14.
Abstract У статті розглядається проблематика дії закону спадної дохідності в умовах сільськогосподарських підприємств. У статті пропонується дослідження про взаємозв'язок і взаємодію працівників (змінний ресурс - робоча сила) і основних засобів (постійний ресурс - капітал) у виробничому процесі сільськогосподарського підприємства.
В статье рассматривается проблематика проявления закона убывающей доходности (отдачи) в условиях сельскохозяйственных предприятий. В статье предлагается исследование о взаимосвязи и взаимодействии работников (переменный ресурс - рабочая сила) и основных средств (постоянный ресурс - капитал) в производственном процессе сельскохозяйственного предприятия.
The article discusses the law of diminishing returns for the agricultural enterprises. The articles have the history information emergence of the law of diminishing returns. The theory of diminishing returns has arisen as a result of the eclectic transfer of the provisions and the conclusions of the theory of diminishing returns fertility by the soil to the industry, first, agriculture, and, later in the manufacturing sector. It was found that the appearance of the law of diminishing returns has been the not correct beginning of the assumptions. Also, the law (theory) of diminishing returns never substantiated and verified evidence from economic practice. The article offers a study on the relationship and interaction of workers (variable resource - labor) and fixed assets (permanent resource - capital) for the production process in the agricultural sector. The purpose of these studies is a critical test of objective justification and the reality of the law of falling profitability (the law of diminishing returns). It was found that agricultural production is necessary to distinguish between the different plots of land treated as different types of fixed assets. This understanding of the land, namely, that each different treated area is separate and distinct from the others, the main means indicates that they should not be viewed as a series supplemented by labor and capital the same object. The economy is unacceptable to justify the "construction" or "creation" of new fixed assets as the main connection of labor and capital to the previous fixed asset. The economy is unacceptable to justify the increase in the performance of the new fixed assets by the add "a doses labor and of capital". The author concluded that the plot of land together with its processing way is the integrity of the single, which is a single and holistic fixed asset. Thus, the process of agricultural production with such an understanding of elements of agricultural production is no different from the production process in an industrial plant. Therefore, conclusions about the features and agricultural enterprises are the same as for a manufacturing plant.
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