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Title Причини та наслідки виникнення конфліктних ситуацій у середовищі підпілля Карпатського краю ОУН (1945-1952)
Other Titles Causes and consequences of conflict situations in the environment of underground Karpats’kyi krai (the Carpathian area of the OUN) (1945-1952)
Причины и последствия возникновение конфликтных ситуаций в среде подполья Карпатского края ОУН (1945-1952)
Authors Ільницький, В.І.
Keywords Карпатський край
конфлікти
ОУН
УПА
репресивно-каральні органи
Карпатский край
конфликты
ОУН
УПА
репрессивно- карательные органы
Carpathian area
conflicts
OUN
UPA
repressive-punitive bodies
Type Article
Date of Issue 2016
URI http://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/51618
Publisher Сумський державний університет
License
Citation Ільницький В.І. Причини та наслідки виникнення конфліктних ситуацій у середовищі підпілля Карпатського краю ОУН (1945-1952) [Текст] / В.І. Ільницький // Сумський історико-архівний журнал. - 2016. - № XXVІI. - С. 50-58.
Abstract of conflict situations in the nationalist structures of the OUN’s Carpathian area in 1945-1954 is examined. Today, when the study of the history of Ukrainian Liberation Movement approaches the qualitatively new level, it is necessary to disclose the problems which still remain either little or not at all investigated. It is to such problems that the topic of the occurrence of conflict situations in the environment of the nationalist underground belongs. By using compromising situations that provoked conflicts, the Soviet punitive bodies intended to introduce contentions, misunderstanding and mutual enmity into the Ukrainian underground. Therefore, such researches have not only an important scientific value, but a social and political value as well. The purpose of the article is to objectively and impartially disclose the content and basic types of conflict situations within the environment of the underground of the OUN’s Carpathian area (Karpats’kyi krai). It also aims to show the consequences which the nationalist camp suffered because of internal oppositions and how the Soviet punitive bodies made use of them. It is shown that the conflict situations in the underground were caused both by the insurgents themselves and by the repressive-punitive bodies who generated them by means of purposeful compromising actions. These conflict situations differed according to reasons, content and consequences. The disputes between leaders of different levels, whose ambition did not promote the productive activity of OUN and UPA are disclosed. At the same time, when the secret service came to know about any such opposition they made use of it with the purpose to enervate the Ukrainian underground. The OUN’s members were people of various age, character, and outlook. They often lived for months within a common closed space – a hiding-place (“kryivka”), where they shared everyday duties, built mutual relations and so on. It is established that despite severe and accurately set rules of organizational relations within the underground, as well as within any other social group, quite often there happened conflict situations. In the research they are allocated according to the following types: 1) personal hostility between separate members of the Organization; 2) side-by-side activity of representatives of different generations; 3) struggle for power in the Organization; 4) conflicts among representatives of different ethnographic groups (natives of Bukovyna, Galicia, the Dnieper Ukraine, etc.); 5) fits of ambition and unwillingness to adhere to the Organization’s statute; 6) misunderstandings between heads of UPA’s departments and local leaders; 7) strategic and tactical divergences; 8) conflicts through women. In the article it is proved that any opposition learnt about by the secret service was used by it for the purpose of enfeebling the ungunderground. In the struggle against Ukrainian liberation movement the repressive-punitive bodies relied not only on military force, but also used various, on occasion even “exquisite” means. It is underlined that the compromising activity of the secret service is a wide problem, which still demands a separate complex research.
У статті розглянуто причини та наслідки виникнення конфліктних ситуацій у середовищі підпілля Карпатського краю ОУН (1945-1952). З’ясовано, що конфліктні ситуації у підпіллі, спричинялися як самими повстанцями, так і породжувалися цілеспрямованими компрометуючими заходами репресивно-каральних органів. Встановлена їхня відмінність як із огляду на причини, так і зміст, наслідки. Виділено вісім основних площин у яких виникали конфліктні ситуації. Виявлено, що будь-яке протистояння, про яке довідувалися спецслужби, використовувалося з метою послаблення підпілля.
В статье рассмотрены причины и последствия возникновения конфликтных ситуаций в среде подполья Карпатского края ОУН (1945-1952). Выяснено, что источником конфликтных ситуаций в подполье становились как сами повстанцы, так и целенаправленные компрометирующие меры репрессивно-карательных органов. Раскрыто их отличие, учитывая причины, содержание, последствия. Выделено восемь основных направлений, в которых возникали конфликтные ситуации. Выявлено, что любое противостояние, о котором узнавали спецслужбы, использовалось с целью ослабления подполья.
Appears in Collections: Сумський історико-архівний журнал

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