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Title: Толерантність і реформація: точки дотику
Other Titles: Толерантность и реформация: точки соприкосновения
Reformation and tolerance: common ground
Authors: Балух, В.О.
Балух, О.В.
Keywords: толерантність
свобода совісті
М. Лютер
У. Цвінглі
Й. Бренц
Нантський едикт
Й. Денк
К. Швенкфельд
Дж. Локк
свобода совести
У. Цвингли
И. Бренц
Нантский эдикт
freedom of conscience
M. Luther
U. Zwingli
J. Brenz
Edict of Nantes
H. Denck
C. Schwenkfeld
J. Locke
Issue Year: 2017
Publisher: Сумський державний університет
Citation: Балух, В.О. Толерантність і реформація: точки дотику [Текст] / В.О. Балух, О.В. Балух // Сумський історико-архівний журнал. - 2017. - №XXVIII. - С. 5-13.
Abstract: У статті проаналізовано генезу та еволюцію феномену толерантності упродовж XVI-XVII ст., хоча категорія толерантності розглядається у контексті віротерпимості. На конкретних прикладах охарактеризовано основні прояви толерантності на міжособистісному, державному і міждержавному рівнях. З’ясовано погляди У. Цвінглі, М. Лютера, Й. Бренца, Й. Денка, К. Швенкфельда та Дж. Локка на проблеми віротерпимості, свободи совісті та віросповідань.
В статье проанализированы генезис и эволюция феномена толерантности на протяжении ХVІ-ХVІІ вв., хотя категория толерантности рассматривается в контексте веротерпимости. На конкретных примерах охарактеризованы основные проявления толерантности на межличностном, государственном и межгосударственном уровнях. Освещены взгляды У. Цвингли, М. Лютера, И. Бренца, И. Денка, К. Швенкфельда и Дж. Локка на проблемы веротерпимости, свободы совести и веросповедований.
The article analyzes the originsand evolution of the phenomenon of tolerance during the 16th – 17th centuries, although tolerance category is considered in the terms of faith. In the specific examples described the main manifestations of tolerance in terms of interindividual, national and international level. The opinions of U. Zwingli, M. Luther, J. Brenz, H. Denck, C. Schwenkfeld, and J. Locke on faith tolerance on issues of freedom of conscience and religion are considered. It is noted that the use of the term “tolerance” in the era of the European Reformation is quite conventional. Although the origin of faith tolerance began in the 16th – 17th centuries, first on personal levels (disputes between M. Luther and U. Zwingli) and under influence of political and pragmatic determinants (in works of J. Brenz), on state level (Edict of Nantes) and interstate level (Westphalian peace). There are ideological and desire to understand principle of faith tolerance (H. Denck and C. Schwenkfeld) and theoretically justify the ego as a response to challenges of that time in terms of religious wars (J. Locke). Modern society has created the conditions for the weakening of the borders between countries and the creation of international organizations (EU, the Visegrad group, GUAM) due to the processes of globalization, integration, informatization and so on. However, contrary to expectations, the world has not become conflictless. Indication of this are the numerous ethnic, religious, economic, territorial problems, both international and interpersonal character. Therefore the first priority of mankind is to develop principles and meanings, necessary not only for free development, but also for overall survival. The vital logic requires the development imperatives of nonviolence, the strategy of tolerating other people’s values, religious views and cultures, the idea of understanding and dialogue, the search for mutually acceptable compromises. In this regard, the question arises of the phenomenon of tolerance and its role in ethical human behavior and peaceful coexistence of representatives of different countries, nations, religions. Because tolerance to others ideas, customs, beliefs, feelings and even lifestyle is a prerequisite for the stability and cohesion of societies. Expansion of the influence of category of tolerance values in the historical context of philosophical and political thought 16th – 17th centuries, first of all, due to the need to find effective possible a search for the best ways to reduce the negative influence of inter-religious conflicts in contemporary European society.
Type: Article
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