Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Or use following links to share this resource in social networks: Recommend this item
Title Зовнішня політика США щодо КНР під час президентства Джеральда Форда: 1974-1977 роки
Other Titles The Foreign Policy of the USA Towards the PRC During Gerald Ford Presidency: 1974-1977
Внешняя политика США в отношении КНР во время президентства Джеральда Форда: 1974-1977 годы
Authors Гончаренко, А.В.
Полякова, Л.Г.
Keywords США
зовнішня політика
американо-китайські відносини
"Тихоокеанська доктрина"
Джеральд Форд
Генрі Кіссинджер
Мао Цзедун
Ден Сяопін
внешняя политика
американо-китайские отношения
"Тихоокеанская доктрина"
Генри Киссинджер
Мао Цзэдун
Дэн Сяопин
the USA
foreign policy
American-Chinese relations
"Pacific Doctrine"
Gerald Ford
Henry Kissinger
Mao Zedong
Deng Xiaoping
Type Article
Date of Issue 2019
Publisher Сумський державний університет
Citation Гончаренко, А.В. Зовнішня політика США щодо КНР під час президентства Джеральда Форда: 1974-1977 роки [Текст] / А.В. Гончаренко, Л.Г. Полякова // Сумський історико-архівний журнал. - 2019. - № XXXII. - С. 46-56. - DOI:
Abstract У статті досліджено зовнішню політику США щодо КНР під час президентства Джеральда Форда у 1974-1977 рр. Охарактеризовані причини, хід та наслідки активізації зовнішньополітичної стратегії США у китайському напрямку протягом періоду, що вивчається. Вивчено практичну реалізацію Вашингтоном "Тихоокеанської доктрини" Дж. Форда. Охарактеризовано роль різних угрупувань в американському істеблішменті у формуванні політики Білого Дому стосовно Китаю. Проаналізовані конкретні зовнішньополітичні дії адміністрації президента США Джеральда Форда щодо КНР у 1974-1977 рр.
В статье исследована внешняя политика США в отношении КНР во время президентства Джеральда Форда в 1974-1977 гг. Охарактеризованы причины, ход и последствия активизации внешнеполитической стратегии США в китайском направлении в течение изучаемого периода. Изучена практическая реализация Вашингтоном "Тихоокеанской доктрины" Дж. Форда. Охарактеризована роль различных группировок в американском истеблишменте в формировании политики Белого Дома в отношении Китая. Проанализированы конкретные внешнеполитические действия администрации президента США Джеральда Форда в отношении КНР в 1974-1977 гг.
The article researches the US foreign policy towards the PRC during Gerald Ford presidency in 1974-1977. It describes the reasons, course and consequences of the intensification of the US foreign policy strategy in the Chinese direction during the investigated period. There was explored the practical realization of the "Pacific Doctrine" by Washington. The role of various groups in the American establishment in the question of the formation of the Chinese White House policy has been analyzed. The specific foreign policy actions of the administration of the US president Gerald Ford on the PRC in 1974-1977 are analyzed. The chief results of the foreign policy of the administration of the President of the United States Gerald Ford (1974-1977) concerning the PRC, which resulted from the real political steps taken by the leaders of both countries, was the establishment of systematic and reliable channels of bilateral ties, expansion of economic, scientific and cultural contacts, the beginning of a systematic exchange of views on the most important issues of international relations. In the second half of the 70’s of the twentieth century this dialogue ensured the continuity of China’s policy in Washington, which was based on the concept of a "balance of power", while China played a complementary role in the foreign policy strategy of the White House. These factors formed the "Pacific Doctrine" of G. Ford, which gave Beijing the status of an American partner in maintaining a balance of power in the Asia-Pacific region and consolidated a positive assessment of the place and role of the People’s Republic of China in Asian politics in the United States of America. The return of American political thought to the ideas of the combination policy occurred in the formation of US-Soviet strategic parity and awareness of the ruling circles in the United States, due to the defeat in Vietnam, the limited resources of force influence on the international situation. Started in the United States the study of China’s behavior in the international arena and its power parameters made it possible then to draw a preliminary conclusion that the People’s Republic of China can fill the place of the missing link in the "triangle" of the global scheme – a place of counterweight to the USSR; this required the removal of a US-Chinese confrontation. However, the socio-political and ideological contradictions that were pushed to the foreground on the initial stage of the Chinese policy of the administration of G. Ford and the process of normalization of bilateral relations, again made themselves felt at a later stage. Their injection was promoted by the logic of the development of bilateral US-China relations, as well as by a number of internal objective and subjective reasons, as in the People’s Republic of China (a sharp increase in the struggle for power connected with the illness and death of Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong), and in the United States (Gerald Ford made certain curtseys towards the American right-wing conservative forces and began to intensify approaches to Beijing and Moscow, and also the presidential campaign of 1976).
Appears in Collections: Сумський історико-архівний журнал


France France
Russia Russia
Ukraine Ukraine
United Kingdom United Kingdom
United States United States
Unknown Country Unknown Country


Russia Russia
Ukraine Ukraine
United Kingdom United Kingdom
United States United States
Unknown Country Unknown Country


File Size Format Downloads
Goncharenko_shaj_32_2019.pdf 574,22 kB Adobe PDF 539

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.