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Title Environmental Determinants of a Country’s Food Security in Short-Term and Long-Term Perspectives
Authors Vysochyna, Alina Volodymyrivna  
Stoyanets, N.
Mentel, G.
Olejarz, T.
Keywords food security
food availability
food access
food stability
food utilization
environmental determinants
sustainable development
Type Article
Date of Issue 2020
URI https://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/83171
Publisher MDPI
License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Vysochyna, A.; Stoyanets, N.; Mentel, G.; Olejarz, T. Environmental Determinants of a Country’s Food Security in Short-Term and Long-Term Perspectives. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4090. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104090
Abstract About 10% of the world population suffered from hunger in 2018. Thereby, the main objective of this research is the identification of environmental drivers and inhibitors of a country’s food security in the short and long run. The Food Security Index (FSI) was constructed from 19 indicators using Principal Component Analysis. Identification of the short- and long-run relationships between the FSI and environmental factors was realized with the pooled mean-group estimator for 28 post-socialistic countries for 2000–2016. Empirical research results showed that a country’s food security in the short run is affected by greenhouse gas emissions but boosted by the increase of renewable energy production. Reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, electrification of rural populations, access to clean fuels, renewable energy production, arable land, and forest area growth might be essential tasks in order to ensure countries’ food security in the long-run.
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