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Title Rationale for the Combined Use of Biological Processes and AOPs in Wastewater Treatment Tasks
Authors Shtepa, V.
Balintova, M.
Chernysh, Yelyzaveta Yuriivna  
Chubur, Viktoriia Serhiivna  
Demcak, S.
Gautier, M.
ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4103-4306
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4871-1162
Keywords combined wastewater treatment
aerobic and anaerobic bioprocesses
advanced oxidative technologies
toxicants
combined approaches
Type Article
Date of Issue 2021
URI https://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/85293
Publisher MDPI
License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Shtepa, V.; Balintova, M.; Chernysh, Y.; Chubur, V.; Demcak, S.; Gautier, M. Rationale for the Combined Use of Biological Processes and AOPs in Wastewater Treatment Tasks. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 7551. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11167551
Abstract This paper aims to form a unified concept of the integrated use of different wastewater treatment methods to form a resistant biological treatment stage of technological systems under the influence of such toxic factors as antibiotics and surfactants. The processes of mechanical treatment, ozonation, UV irradiation, and electrolytic anodic oxidation were implemented in an electrotechnological wastewater treatment facility. Wastewater treatment quality was determined by the concentration of nitrogen compounds in aqueous solutions according to the method of Lurie. Biodiagnostics of the investigated activated sludge via surfactant action was carried out at polyethylene oxide concentrations of 10, 30, and 50 mg/dm3. As a result of experiments on wastewater treatment after aquaculture, an improvement in the reduction of pollutants only by the indicator “nitrate concentration” was determined: by 20% after anodic oxidation, and by 15% after photolysis. At almost all surfactant concentrations studied, the activated sludge was not completely recovered, which was expressed in a decrease in its quantity and in the inability to aggregate flakes of activated sludge. The diameter of the growth retardation of the standard disk with antibiotic (amoxiclav) by the accumulative culture of activated sludge was 17.3 ± 2 mm at a concentration of 4 mg/dm3 and 31.3 ± 3 mm at a concentration of 6 mg/dm3. In the process of studying the state of the activated sludge’s biocenosis under the influence of such toxicants, several regularities were revealed. The directions of using combined approaches of water treatment and wastewater treatment were defined. The structural model of treatment facilities using aerobic and anaerobic bioprocesses together with advanced oxidative technologies was substantiated.
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