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Title Application of Polydopamine Functionalized Zinc Oxide for Glucose Biosensor Design
Authors Fedorenko, V.
Damberga, D.
Grundsteins, K.
Ramanavicius, A.
Ramanavicius, S.
Coy, E.
Iatsunskyi, I.
Viter, Roman Vitaliiovych
Keywords polydopamine (PDA)
ZnO-PDA nanocomposite
photo-electrochemical glucose biosensor
ITO modified glass electrode
Type Article
Date of Issue 2021
URI https://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/85421
Publisher MDPI
License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Citation Fedorenko, V.; Damberga, D.; Grundsteins, K.; Ramanavicius, A.; Ramanavicius, S.; Coy, E.; Iatsunskyi, I.; Viter, R. Application of Polydopamine Functionalized Zinc Oxide for Glucose Biosensor Design. Polymers 2021, 13, 2918. https:// doi.org/10.3390/polym13172918
Abstract Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures are widely used in optical sensors and biosensors. Functionalization of these nanostructures with polymers enables optical properties of ZnO to be tailored. Polydopamine (PDA) is a highly biocompatible polymer, which can be used as a versatile coating suitable for application in sensor and biosensor design. In this research, we have grown ZnO-based nanorods on the surface of ITO-modified glass-plated optically transparent electrodes (glass/ITO). Then the deposition of the PDA polymer layer on the surface of ZnO nanorods was performed from an aqueous PDA solution in such a way glass/ITO/ZnO-PDA structure was formed. The ZnO-PDA composite was characterized by SEM, TEM, and FTIR spectroscopy. Then glucose oxidase (GOx) was immobilized using crosslinking by glutaraldehyde on the surface of the ZnOPDA composite, and glass/ITO/ZnO-PDA/GOx-based biosensing structure was designed. This structure was applied for the photo-electrochemical determination of glucose (Glc) in aqueous solutions. Photo-electrochemical determination of glucose by cyclic voltammetry and amperometry has been performed by glass/ITO/ZnO-PDA/GOx-based biosensor. Here reported modification/functionalization of ZnO nanorods with PDA enhances the photo-electrochemical performance of ZnO nanorods, which is well suited for the design of photo-electrochemical sensors and biosensors.
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