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Title Improving the Quality of Medical Care and Prevention in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes on the Basis of Remote Medical Service
Other Titles Poprawa jakości opieki medycznej i prewencji u pacjentów z cukrzycą typu 2 w sytuacji porad medycznych świadczonych na odległość
Authors Smiianov, Vladyslav Anatoliiovych  
Dryha, Nataliia Oleksandrivna  
Rudenko, L.A.
Keywords prophylaxis
healthcare quality
diabetes mellitus
information-communicative systems
behavioral economics
jakość opieki zdrowotnej
systemy informacyjno-komunikacyjne
ekonomia behawioralna
Type Article
Date of Issue 2022
Publisher Aluna Publishing
License Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Citation Smiianov, V. A. Improving the Quality of Medical Care and Prevention in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes on the Basis of Remote Medical Service / V. A. Smiianov, N. O. Dryha, L. A. Rudenko // Acta Balneologica. 2022. Vol. 64, № 1. P. 24-28.
Abstract Aim: To analyze the effectiveness of implementation of remote medical service, involving patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in dynamic monitoring of their health and treatment, designed to optimize the quality of medical care and prevention at the primary health care level. Materials and Methods: The study included adults aged 18 to 70 years, residents of Sumy who suffer from diabetes. They took part in a medical and sociological survey before introduction of the ICS and gave consent for processing and using of their personal data. A total of 96 patients were involved. We conducted a survey form of the study, using a closed questionnaire for medical and sociological research, conducted during December 2019. The study included such methods as systematic approach, bibliosemantic, comparative and statistical analyses, logical generalization. Results: During the following medical and sociological survey, 96 questionnaires from Sumy residents aged 18 to 69 years, 58 women (60,42±3,53%) and 38 men (39,58±3,53%)) were studied. Analysis of re-monitoring results showed that during the period of implementation of the ICS at the level of primary health care, the indicators of MCQ and health status of respondents have improved. The proportion of patients, who regularly control the level of blood pressure, increased by 32.29%, and those, who control the level of blood glucose – by 31.24%. The incidence of hypoglycemia and/or ketoacidosis states has decreased by 4.17%. During the survey, the part of respondents with targeted blood pressure level increased by 25.00% and the number of respondents with satisfactory level of diabetes compensation increased by 29.18%. The survey showed that more respondents (12.5%) began to regularly take prescribed medications; the number of those, who began to follow diet and dietary regimen has increased by 28.12%; 5.19% of respondents abandoned bad habits (smoking). The number of respondents who have a body mass index ≥ 30.0 has decreased by 4.69%. Conclusions: The introduction of information and communication system (ICS) with feedback between patient and provider of medical services at the primary health care institution level has shown a positive impact on involvement of patients in dynamic monitoring of their health, responsible attitude to prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases` development and their complications, awareness of the impact of modified risk factors on their health.
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