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Title Chronic tonsillitis in adolescents: clinical features and the role of ultrasound diagnostics in the northern region of Ukraine
Authors Manko, Yuliia Anatoliivna  
Smiian, Oleksandr Ivanovych  
Loboda, Andrii Mykolaiovych  
Popov, Serhii Vitaliiovych  
Sichnenko, Petro Ivanovych  
Vasylieva, Olena Hennadiivna  
Smiian, Kateryna Oleksandrivna  
Vysotskyi, Ihor Yuriiovych  
Aleksakhina, Tetiana Oleksiivna  
Keywords діти
Type Article
Date of Issue 2023
Publisher Видавничий дім «Заславський»
License In Copyright
Citation Chronic tonsillitis in adolescents: clinical features and the role of ultrasound diagnosis in the northern region of Ukraine / Yu. A. Manko et al. // Здоров'я дитини. 2023. Т. 18, № 3. С. 14–17. DOI:
Abstract Chronic tonsillitis is the most common disease among children and adolescents in the structure of pathology of the ENT organs. Untimely diagnosis and irrational treatment lead to decompensation of chronic tonsillitis and the development of lesions of many organs and systems of the child's body of tonsillogenic origin. The aim of the work was to study the clinical features and ultrasound changes of the palatine tonsils in adolescents with chronic tonsillitis. Materials and methods: it was examined 47 children at the age from13 to 17 years suffering from chronic tonsillitis. Group I - 27 children with compensated chronic tonsillitis, Group II - 20 patients suffering from decompensated chronic tonsillitis. The control group consisted of 16 practically healthy children, representative in terms of age and gender. We used clinical methods, ultrasonography of the palatine tonsils, and statistical methods. The study was approved by the Institutional Bioethics Committee and it conforms to the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki. Results: according to the results of an ultrasound examination of the palatine tonsils, in children with chronic tonsillitis, the main changes were an increase in their transverse dimensions by more than 15 mm, deepening of lacunae, thickening of the capsule, fibrous changes. In addition, in children with tonsillogenic lesions of the cardiovascular system and a decompensated form of chronic tonsillitis, the pathological signs of the disease according to ultrasound were more significant and were manifested by unclear contours, increased echogenicity, heterogeneous hyperechoic structure, diffuse fibrous and cystic changes of the palatine tonsils. Conclusions: ultrasonography of the palatine tonsils is a non-invasive, painless, accessible and informative method of studying the structure of the tonsils in normal and pathological conditions. It allows for a more thorough assessment of their changes in compensated and decompensated forms of chronic tonsillitis.
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