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Title Diagnostic of the athlete’s heart and factors affecting its developing
Authors Popov, Serhii Vitaliiovych  
Smiian, Oleksandr Ivanovych  
Loboda, Andrii Mykolaiovych  
Petrashenko, Viktoriia Oleksandrivna  
Redko, Olena Kostiantynivna  
Shkolna, Iryna Ivanivna  
Yurchenko, Alla Vladyslavivna  
ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1789-1474
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8225-0975
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5400-773X
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4648-8916
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5501-829X
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6756-0158
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9707-8829
Keywords атлетичне серце
атлетическое сердце
athlete heart
фізичне навантаження
физическая нагрузка
physical exercises
лівий шлуночок
левый желудочек
left ventricle
фукції
функции
function
Type Article
Date of Issue 2021
URI https://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/85442
Publisher Aluna Publishing
License Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International
Citation Popov SV, Smiyan OI, Loboda AM, Petrashenko VO, Redko OK, Shkolna II, Yurchenko AV. Diagnostic of the athlete’s heart and factors affecting its developing. Wiad Lec. 2021; 74(5): 1158-1163. DOI: 10.36740/WLek202105121
Abstract The aim: Studying the features of the structure and function of the heart in athletes and identifying the factors that influence the development of these changes. Materials and methods: The study included 54 athletes, 29 men and 25 women. The ultrasound study was performed according to standard methods with determining the size of the main structures of the heart, indicators normalized to body surface area, height. Results: The heart of dilatation and hypertrophy of the left ventricular myocardium were found in 25.93% of the athletes. When comparing the diameter of the left ventricle of individual athletes with the average values of the norm, their excess was found in 94.44% of athletes. The Odds ratio (OR) of the relationship between left ventricle diameter (LVd) and time of the exercise less than 10 y was 16.13, time of the exercise less than 5 y – 0.17 (p <0.05). OR of increase LVd to age less than 20 years was 3.56 units (p <0.05). The ejection fraction was above the normative mean in 75.93%, as well as the ratio of the periods of filling of the ventricles. Conclusions: The most common sign of an athlete’s heart development was left ventricular dilatation, which occurred at a rate of 25 percent. Age less than 20 years and the duration of sports activities from 5 to 10 years is associated with a higher frequency of the athlete’s heart.
Appears in Collections: Наукові видання (НН МІ)

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